Rapid industrialisation, a fast pace of urbanisation, and the associated consumerism are indicative of India’s fast growing economy. Energy is one of the most important natural resources needed to support this growth. India's enactment of the Energy Conservation Act 2001 is a major step towards regulating energy demand in order to maintain growth as well as improve the quality of life for all. The Act intervenes positively at all levels of society, such as energy-intensive large industries, manufacturers of household appliances and industrial equipment, residential households, as well as engineering consultancy enterprises and power stations.
A broad focus of the Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN) is to support the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act. Germany's international cooperation agency GIZ and the KfW Development Bank jointly implement the programme. The bilateral cooperation brings in local and international professional expertise and support to undertake the following activities:
- Labelling of household appliances and energy intensive industrial equipment with respect to energy efficiency
- Certification of energy managers and energy auditors
- Setting of norms and standards for energy intensive industries
- Transfering and promoting cutting-edge technology to reduce energy consumption
- Promoting public-private partnerships to advance awareness of the need to save energy
- Operating one of the largest web portals (www.energymanagertraining.com) on this subject in India
The CDM-India component of the programme supports high quality Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects in India. These projects are widely replicable and provide experience through “learning by doing”. The primary aim is developing capacity and providing support to public and private sector institutions to prepare and implement internationally acceptable projects under the Clean Development Mechanism. CDM India cooperates actively with the National CDM Authority (NCDMA) of India for the institutionalisation of CDM projects in India.
India’s targets for renewable energy contribution to energy supply are ambitious: “It is proposed to double the renewable energy capacity in our country from 25,000 MW in 2012 to 55,000 MW by the year 2017”, as stated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. Such capacity build-up involves huge efforts also in grid extension issues, load management, forecasting technologies and the like. In IGEN, GIZ is cooperating with the Indian government also on renewable energies in many different fields, e.g. in the broad field of “energy access” as well as in technology issues in more urban and industrial context. The projects are financed by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well as the (Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).